Mangroves in Mumbai

 Mangroves in Mumbai Composition

Launching Mangrove Mitigation to the Downtown Development in Mumbai. Shruti Gururaj Kaujalgi A thesis presented towards the faculty of Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University in incomplete fulfillment with the requirements intended for the degree Of Grasp in Surroundings Architecture Leader Bork, Seat Patrick Miller Mintai Ellie September 7, 2010 Blacksburg, VA Mangroves, urban expansion, restoration, managing policies 1

Introducing Mangrove Mitigation towards the Urban Development in Mumbai. Shruti Gururaj Kaujalgi

SUMMARY: Mumbai is the economic capital and the the majority of densely urbanized coastal city of India. Environmental strain caused by rapid

development of the city is studied with focus on taking care of of Mumbai‟s environment, the mangrove ecology, which has been

insecure by estate ever since the town began to evolve. The development power of the city proposes a regional decide to guide upcoming growth. An addendum to the regional program is component to this thesis. The process of having a mangrove

minimization plan is usually discussed through this paper. The paper analyzes the potential mangrove stand, which can be restored, and why they need to be renewed. This thesis recommends mangrove conservation and restoration

procedures for Mumbai, based on the data collection, data building, comparative analysis and progress

implementation strategies.

A study of Mangrove management policies applied in other countries and coastal towns supports the mangrove supervision strategies recommended for the location of Mumbai. Future land

development proposed by the creation authority of Mumbai has become analyzed to spot probable affects on mangrove ecology and to highlight mangrove mitigation sites. These sites give a platform pertaining to active mangrove management that will provide

essential environmental solutions to Mumbai in the future.

3

Table of contents: Subject page........................ i actually Abstract......................... ii Contents......................... 4 List of figures..................... vi

1 ) 0 Launch: Mumbai................. 1 2 . 0 Mangroves...................... 7

2 . 1 Mangroves in Mumbai............... 8 2 . 1 . 1 Benefit of mangroves in Mumbai...... 2 . two Urban creation around mangroves....... 2 . 3 Commercial actions around mangroves 2 . 5 Changes in the sea/ocean waters installment payments on your 5 Modifications in our upland advancement 9 10

..... 11 12 13 12-15

...............

3. 0 Development learn plan............... three or more. 1 Downtown development recommended for the city of Mumbai

(MMRDA)....................... 15 3. 2 Land make use of distribution.............. of sixteen 3. 3 Mangrove Administration policies in Mumbai..... seventeen

3. 5 Remediation and restoration........... twenty 4. 0 Case study Research................. 21

four. 1 Chek lap Kok Airport, HongKong, China...... twenty two

iv

some. 2 Sydney Olympic recreation area, Sydney, Down under..... 5. zero land use analysis- comparative analysis of current and

25

suggested land work with distribution.............. 35 5. you Administrative Area IV............. 34

5. 1 . 1 Analysis criteria.............. forty one 5. two Administrative Sector V.............. 47 5. a few Administrative Region VI............. fifty four

6. zero Strategies for Mangrove Management.......... 62 6. one particular Implementation tactics............ 62 7. 0 Summary...................... 67 Appendix........................ 69

Bibliography....................... 83

v

LIST OF CHARACTERS FIGURE one particular MAP SHOWING THE LOCATION OF MUMBAI, MUMBAI METROPOLITAN PLACE DEVELOPMENT POWER.......................................... 1 FIGURE 2 ...

Referrals: (1996). world wide fund intended for nature Hong Kong. Ash, Ur. (2006). the top of everything. Hamlyn. Balaji, V. S. (2008, June 14). M. S. Swaminathan Seaside research. Recovered November 09, 2009, coming from Center pertaining to Research upon Sustainable Agriculture and Rural Development: http://www.mssrf.org/ Baldwin A., H. L. (1995). Regeneration in perimeter mangrove jungles. Journal of Coastal Analysis, 149-162. Traditional bank, T. watts. (2010). Bombay Sewage Convenience. Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. Bhagat, S. (2010, January 08). Bird 's-eye view of winged site visitors. Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. Chicken, E. C. (1985). Guy in the mangroves, the socio- economic situation of human funds in Mangrove forests. Pattaya hotels. Blasco, F. G. (1998). Marine and fresh water research 49. 287-296. Brewer M. T., W. S. (1991). Marine biology. Journal of Crustacean Biology 11, 109. C. Farreneheit., E. (1986). Bird, Person in the mangroves. The Socio-economic Situation of Human Settlements in Mangrove Forests. Pattaya: United Nations University and the National Research Authorities of Thailand. Campbell, D. (2001). DEVELOPING ESD – THE ENVIRONMENTAL LEGACY OF SYDNEY OLYMPIC PARK. Canberra: Environmental Symposium. Campbell, N. (2001). Integrating ESD-The Environmental legacy of Sydney Olympic recreation area. Environmental Conference, seminar. Canberra. Campbell, N. (n. d. ). Plan of managemnet to get the parkland at Sydney Olympic Park. local structure of procedures for Badu Mangroves. Chapman, V. (1976). Mangrove plants. Forest ecology and managing, 33-34. Chavhan, S. (2009, September 19). Regional Arrange for Mumbai Metropolitan Region 1996-2011. Retrieved January 30, 2010, from MMRDA: http://www.mmrdamumbai.org/

83

Correspondent, L. (2010). Center prepares new CRZ notification draft. New Delhi: Herald news. department, C. a. (2007). " Geography and Climate, Hong Kong". Hong Kong SAR: Govt of Hong Kong. Dwivedi Sharada, M. 3rd there’s r. (2001). Bombay: The Metropolitan areas Within. Eminence Designs. Edwardes, S. Meters. (1902). The rise of Bombay- A retrospect. Authorities of mumbai. FORESTS, Meters. O. (2010, April 26). Coastal Rules Zone draft Notification, The spring 2010. Delhi, India. Gazetteer, W. (2009, 04 28). World: Major cities and towns and statistics of their population. Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. general, To. o. (1962). Census of India. Mumbai: Census of India. Harpreet. (2010, Feb . 13). Metropolis by the marine. Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. India, t. To. (2001, September 15). Recovered October 2010, from indiatimes. com: http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/bombaytimes/MUMBAI-NEWS/articleshow/1450917735.cms Itcon. (2002). Final Statement of Community Environmental plan. mumbai: city region creation authority. Joshi, V. (2006, December 24). Urban Massive amounts: Bane for the people. Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. Jungblut, V. (2009, January). Retrieved Oct 2010, coming from www.sprep.org: http://www.sprep.org/factsheets/pdfs/mangroves.pdf Kathiresan, N. (2001). Advancements in Ocean Biology- biology of mangrove and mangrove ecosystems. Kathiresan, K. (2003). How do mangrvoe forests stimulate sedimentation? Revista de Biologia Tropical 51, 355-360. Kaushik, N. (2009, march). Type Trust aid Godrej Mangrove panel, Mangrove Action Plan. King. (2002, November 07). Mildred E. Mathias Botanical Garden. Retrieved October 25, 2009, from botgard. ucla. edu: http://www.botgard.ucla.edu/html/bg-vi.html

84

Kurian, G. (2006, January 26). Protest against dumping ground by kanjur marg. Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. Maharashtra, G. u. (2010). Comfort and rehabilitation-Adivision of earnings and woodlands department. Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. Mastaller, Meters. (1996). Organic Resources and Development, destruction of mangrove wetland-causes and consequences. MMRDA. (2008, '07 18). Mumbai Urban Infrastructure Project. Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. Narayanan, S. (2009). New coastal guidelines draft revealed. Mumbai: Right down to earth-Science and Environment on the net. O. G. Davidson. (1998). The captivated me braid. Ny: John Wiley & Sons Inc. Rita, S. (2009). Conservation and restoration of coastal mangrove ecosystem- Role of Social media sites. Annual getting together with of the Foreign Marine preservation Congress (p. 41). Fairfax, Virginia: George Madison University. Sehgal, R. (2010). Seaside rule change to herald Mumbai boom. Fresh Delhi: The Asian Age group. Singh, Sumado a. P. (2008). Genesis of CRZ rules. The Times of West Mumbai. Siu, C. a. (1990). " Municipal engineering aspects of the replacement unit airport in Chek Clapboard Kok”. Proceedings of the 'Airports into twenty first centuray ' Conference, (pp. 285-318). Hk. Stanley, M., Francis, T. J., & Zeigler, D. (2003). Towns of teh World. Rowman and little Publishers, Incorporation. Statistics, A. B. (2008, 05 19). Explore your city through the 2006 Census Social Atlas series. Sydney. Swaminathan, G. J. (2006). Mumbai Eyesight 2015: Goal for downtown renewal. Macmillan India Observer Research Base. Tanveeruddin, S i9000. (2010, April). Save Mumbai from a great ecological tragedy. Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. Toby Sinclair, Meters. D. (1991). Introduction to India (odyssey Guides). Hong Kong: Odyssey Publications. Trewin, D. (2001). Census of population and housing. Quotes.

85

Trust, M. P. (2006). Environmental management simply by Mumbai Slot Trust. mumbai: Ministry of Shipping and Environment and Forests. viju, B. (2010). Green city-Choking Mangroves. Mumbai: Times of India. W. Meters., B. (1998). Traditional and medicinal uses of mangroves, mangroves and salt marshes. Wilson, T. (2000). Tai O sheltered boat anchorage-Environmental Impact Assessment Civil Anatomist Department. EIA-Final Assessment Report. Yeung, L. (2008). Going Millions: the commercial success and politics controversies of Hong Kong railways. Hong Kong University or college.

86

 To what extent is business social responsibilityCSR beneficial to industry’s performance? Essay
To what extent is business social responsibilityCSR beneficial to industry’s performance? Essay

To what extent is Business Social Responsibility (CSR) beneficial to a company's performance? An investigation of the correlation between Business Social Responsibility and essential company stakeholders – clients, employees…...

 Life Dissertation
Life Dissertation

Disregarding Through Throughout the book " Breaking Through, ” Francisco Jinemez talks about many topics. This book is an interesting and a must examine book for many who moving…...

 Abc Example Solution Dissertation
Abc Example Solution Dissertation

Assignment 1 Functions Management 2 Yankee Fork and Hoe Company (YFHC) Total (50) MarksWeightage 10% Lead Questions for Project 1 1 . What style…...

 everyday employ Essay
everyday employ Essay

Introduction " Everyday Use" was published early in Alice Walker's writing career, appearing in her collection In Love and Problems: Stories of Black Females in 1973. The work was enthusiastically…...

 Essay regarding Lord of the Flies Antrhopology
Essay regarding Lord of the Flies Antrhopology

Thomas Hobbes was one of the most controversial philosophers of all time. This individual argued that the, " Life of person [is] solo, poor, unpleasant, brutish, and short” (Hobbes…...

 Logistics Performance Index Article
Logistics Performance Index Article

CHЖЇЖ NG you: GIб»љI THIỆU Vб»Ђ CHỈ TIГЉU LPI Phбє§n 1: LOGISTICS & Tбє¦M QUAN TRб»ЊNG CỦA LOGISTICS: 1 ) Logistics: " Logistics lГ quГЎ trГ¬nh tб»‘i Ж°u…...